Confusion is born out of ignorance. No one, however, can say, ‘I am ignorant of what is right and wrong.’ Whatever one expects from others in terms of behaviour, attitudes, and so on, is right if the same behaviour and attitudes are expected of oneself
by others. This means that the values are understood by everyone, but the value of the values is not.

Here, the Kauravas represent the many confusions caused by ignorance, which is why they are greater in number than the Pandavas. Pandu stands for discriminative knowledge. In the Mahabharata , he was presented as being very white in appearance. White always stands for knowledge. The Pandavas, then, were born of this discriminative knowledge, with reference to dharma and adharma. They were only a handful and represent our inclinations towards dharma. There are also inclinations towards adharma. These are born out of aviveka , lack of discrimination, with reference to the value of values, whereas inclinations towards dharma are born out of one’s
general knowledge of right and wrong.

Chapter 1 – Arjuna’s sorrow [Verse 1 – 6]

Chapter 1 — Arjuna’s sorrow [Verse 7 – 10]

Chapter 1 – Arjuna’s sorrow [Verse 11 – 20]

Chapter 1 – Arjuna’s sorrow [Verse 21 – 35]

Chapter 1 – Arjuna’s sorrow [Verse 32 – 40]

Chapter 1 – Arjuna’s sorrow [Verse 40 – 47]